We use only the best ingredients.

Low Ash Chicken Meal

Low ash chicken meal consists of chicken meat and some accompanying bone, and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The chicken is ground into a powder (meal) after the fat and water are removed, and the end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. The chicken meal used in Dr. Tim's pet foods is guaranteed antibiotic and hormone free and is sourced exclusively from the United States.

Brown Rice

Dr. Tim's uses brown rice as one of its primary carbohydrate sources. Brown rice is highly digestible and a good source of energy and nutritional balance. Why include carbohydrates in the diet if fat is the important energy source? Although fats are a very concentrated energy source, carbohydrates are important for energy, too. Brown rice is simple, available and provides an immediate energy boost. Brown rice is grown in the United States and processed to remove the outer hull. Unlike some other types of rice, brown rice has the bran and germ left intact; this ensures the whole grain will be a good source of vitamins and minerals.

Chicken Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherals)

Dr. Tim's uses chicken fat as the main fat source due to its high palatibility and fatty acid profile. Tocopherals, which are used to prevent spoilage of the chicken fat, are forms of vitamin E that are naturally occuring. Both the chicken fat and natural tocopherols are from the United States.

Low Ash Herring Meal

Herring meal consists of herring that's ground into a powder (meal), and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. Herring meal is an extemely concentrated meal that contains a high level of fat, unique Omega 3 and Omega 6 profiles, is delicious, and is full of naturally occurring anti-oxidants - and dogs love the taste of it, too. Our herring comes from the United States.

Salmon Meal

Salmon meal consists of salmon that's ground into a powder (meal), and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. Salmon meal contains a high level of fat, unique Omega 3 and Omega 6 profiles, is delicious, and is full of naturally occurring anti-oxidants; astaxanthin is one of those anti-oxidants. Our salmon meal comes from the United States, Chile and Norway.

Catfish Meal

Catfish meal consists of catfish that's ground into a powder after the fat and water are removed (meal), and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. Catfish meal is an extremely concentrated meal that contains a high level of fat, unique Omega 3 and Omega 6 profiles, is delicious, and is full of naturally occurring anti-oxidants.
Catfish meal is one of the highest protein values available in the pet food industry to date - and it's tasty. Catfish meal's unique Omega 3 fatty acid profile contributes to the well-rounded fatty acid profiles found in Dr. Tim's Pet Foods.
Our catfish comes from the United States.

Menhaden Fish Meal

Menhaden fish meal consists of menhaden that's ground into a powder after the fat and water are removed (meal), and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. Menhaden meal contains high levels of fat, protein, unique Omega 3 and Omega 6 profiles, is delicious, and is full of naturally occurring anti-oxidants. Menhaden is an ocean fish, and in our concentrated meal form supplies minerals and growth factors essential for normal health. "Growth factors" sounds vague, but in fact they are important naturally occurring substances that stimulate cell growth and regulate cellular processes. Dr. Tim's menhaden meal is sourced from the Gulf of Mexico, off Louisiana.

Beet Pulp

Beet pulp is a moderately fermentable fiber from sugar beets. After extracting the sugar from the sugar beet, the remaining material is beet pulp. This pulp is an excellent source of fiber and is also a prebiotic. Beet pulp is made up of soluble and insoluble fiber that act as prebiotics and provide the nutrients needed for dogs and cats to easily digest their food and maintain good stool quality. Beet pulp is a moderately fermentable fiber that has benefits both for fueling the cells that line the colon and fueling the good bacteria that live in the colon. The fiber also promotes better digestion by helping slow down the speed of the gastrointesinal tract. Dr. Tim's beet pulp is from the United States.

Dried Whole Eggs

Dried whole eggs are the most balanced source of protein available, hands down. They are an excellent source of essential fatty acids, which give your dogs healthy coats and skin.

Flaxseed Meal

Flaxseed meal is the ground seed of the flax plant, which you may have seen in your local natural food store. It delivers many of the balanced fatty acids a body needs and is also a fiber source. Flaxseed is grown in the cooler regions of the Northern Plains of the US and Canada. Flaxseed is rich in Omega 3, 9, and 6 fatty acids, which help promote healthy skin and shiny coats. Dogs and cats can't produce these essential omega fatty acids, so having flaxseed or fish oils in the diet is vital to the animals health. Flaxseed is also used to make linen.

Whole Oat Groats

Dr. Tim's uses whole oat groats as a primary carbohydrate source. Whole oat groats are highly digestible, a good source of energy and nutritional balance, and used because of their impact on regulating blood glucose. There are less blood glucose fluctuations after a meal containing oat groats than with other carbohydrate sources. Whole oat groats are just that; a whole, un-milled grain that not only is an amazing source of carbohydrates, but is also rich in fiber. Whole oat groats are the result of simply harvesting oats, cleaning them, and removing their inedible hulls. Our whole oat groats are sourced from the United States and Canada.

Pearled Barley

Pearled barley is an excellent source of starch for pet foods; starch is a necessary ingredient in pet food because it enables the ingredients to bind together to form the kibble. Pearled barley is also highly digestible. Sourced from the Northern Plains of the Dakotas and Canadian provinces Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, pearled barley is made by removing the fibrous outer hull of harvested barley through a sophisticated milling process. The whole grain is tempered using steam and then processed to “polish” the grain.

Salmon Oil

Salmon oil enables the transport of all the balanced fatty acids your dog requires. Salmon oil is captured when salmon meal is processed. Rich in essential fatty acids like Omega 3 and 6, salmon oil is used to promote a healthy coat, skin and other health benefits in dogs and cats. Like salmon meal, salmon oil is sourced from the United States, Chile and Norway. The oil is extracted by cold pressing salmon meal and by utilizing every component of the salmon fish, the process is incredibly sustainable for the environment. It is also rich in antioxidants such as astaxanthin.

Porcine Plasma

In a nutshell, "blood" is made up of whole blood cells that float around in a liquid called plasma. Two of plasma's myriad components are the proteins albumin and globulin. When plasma is separated (or spun out) from the blood cells, what results is a "functional* protein product"; in other words, albumin and globulin, and in one word: plasma. This pair of proteins is hard to beat for delivering good, concentrated amino acids to your pet; above and beyond providing nutrition, they stimulate the immune system to respond to illnesses in the animal. Our porcine plasma is souced from the United States.
*Functional means the product has the ability to modulate certain body functions, versus just being a building block.

Lecithin

Lecithin emulsifies the fats in the kibble and enhances the digestion of those emulsified fats. Emulsify is another word for the process of mixing two liquids together that normally don't like to be mixed or stay mixed, like oil and vinegar, and it's why mayonnaise stays blended. It is also a source of choline, a B vitamin, and aids in the synthesis of amino acids and proteins. Lecithin contains natural antioxidants, inositol, linoleic acid, and is a source of phosphorous. Our lecithin comes from sunflowers grown in the United States.

Dried Chicory Root (Inulin)

The root of the chicory plant contains a compound known as inulin - which is a prebiotic - and supplies fiber. This carbohydrate escapes digestion in the small intestine and is utilized in the large intestine to benefit the good bacteria located in the colon. Dr. TIm's dried chicory root is from Canada and Belgium.

Salt

A staple in any pet food diet, salt will be found in all of Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods. Sodium chloride, the scientific name for salt, is crucial in your pets cellular functions and nerve signal transmission. Sourced from the central region of the United States, salt is mined and refined to provide the highest quality product.

Rice Bran

Rice bran is the protective outer coating removed from rice in the process of creating white rice. The bran layer is vitamin and antioxidant rich, flush with soluble and insoluble fibers and assures bulking in the gastrointestinal tract for a healthy colon and consistent stools. Our rice bran comes from the United States.

Potassium Chloride

Potassium chloride is another salt essential for aiding bodily functions. Potassium serves many functions in the body of our cats and dogs, and potassium chloride is a key ingredient in the delicate balance of a very, very complicated body system. Potassium is critically involved in pH regulation and nervous system maintenance. While potassium concentrations are generally high enough in other ingredients, having supplemental sources, like potassium chloride, fortify the food. Dr. Tim's potassium chloride is sourced from the United States.

Yucca Shidigera Extract

Yucca is a flowering desert plant and contains vitamin C, B vitamins, beta-carotene, and essential minerals. Grown and processed in Mexico, yucca has some great nutritional benefits. This ingredient may exhibit some anti-inflammatory effects during digestion and can even improve stool quality and reduce odor!

OVN™ Vitamin Premix

(Vitamin A, D3, E, B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B6 (pyridoxine), B12, C (L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate), Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Folic acid and Biotin)

Our foods incorporate DSM Nutritional Product's OVN (Optimal Vitamin Nutrition) vitamin premix specifically formulated for Dr. Tim to support and maintain your dog's optimal skin, coat and paw pad health under high performance conditions. Our diets contain a Skin and Coat and Paw Pad nutrient system targeting a daily intake of biotin, specific omega fatty acids (like DHA) and zinc at scientifically proven levels. OVN is a trademark of DSM Nutritional Products.

Dried Organic Kelp Meal

Kelp is a sea vegetable collected from the North Atlantic off the coast of Canada. Kelp keeps your dog's coat healthy and is loaded with amino acids, Vitamin K and minerals.

Psyllium Seed Husks

Psyllium seed husk is a form of fiber made from the husk, or outer layer, of psyllium seeds. Psyllium is a native seed from India, and like other fiber sources, psyllium seed husk helps improve and maintain the gastrointestinal tract. The husks absorb excess water and gas in the small intestine, "bulking up" the stool, and improves regularity. The United States is the world's largest importer of psyllium husks, with over 60 % going to pharmaceutical companies; everybody likes to poop!

Trace minerals

Zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc oxide, copper sulfate, manganous oxide, and selenium are the unbound (not chelated or proteinated) trace minerals in Dr. Tim's pet foods. Why include trace minerals and why aren't trace minerals already "built in" to the ingredients Dr. Tim's uses? Trace minerals are essential for mammals, period; but, certain times of the year can produce certain deficiencies in crops, due to deficiencies in the soil, which lead to trace mineral deficiencies in those ingredients used for pet food. Adding trace minerals, whether chelated, bound, unbound or proteinated, ensures the trace minerals critical to your pet's health are present and accounted for. Dr. Tim's trace minerals are sourced from the United States.

Biotin

Biotin is a B vitamin that carries carbon dioxide out of cells during energy use and aids in the processing/burning of fatty acids and amino acids.

L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid that plays an essential role in the metabolism of fat. Our L-Carnitine is sourced from the Czech Republic.

Field Peas

Peas are an alternative to grains in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods. Peas bring in both highly digestible protein AND carbohydrates, and provide key vitamins and minerals. Examples of these are Vitamins A, B6, C, and K, which are all important for vision, metabolism, the immune system, and protein digestion. Our peas, which are legumes, are sourced from and thrive in the northern plains of the US and Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.

White Potatoes

In grain-free diets, dried potatoes offer both protein and carbohydrates. Potatoes are a good source of vitamin B6, copper, vitamin C and more. Did you know this is the number one vegetable grown in the world today? Our potatoes come from the United States.

Wheat germ

Wheat germ would eventually grow in to a plant if left alone; an embryo of sorts. However, in the process of making white flower, the "germ" is removed, despite being a powderkeg of vitamins, minerals, protein and fat. Additionally, wheat germ is a source of some essential nutrients like vitamin E, folic acid, phosphorus, thiamine, and zinc. These nutrients are important for teeth and bone health, nervous system maintenance, and overall bodily function. Folate and vitamin B (Niacin, Thiamin, and B6) can also be found in high levels in wheat germ, as well as huge levels of potassium and iron and very good levels of zinc, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and selenium. Bonus: it also has omega-3 fatty acids.
Wheat germ is only in Fusion and sourced from the United States.

Tapioca

Tapioca starch has some amazing nutritional and functional properties. High in starch, tapioca in incredibly functional when it comes to making pet foods. Tapioca has great binding capabilities and allows production of high quality, grain-free foods, even those with high inclusions of animal-derived proteins, which can often hinder processing capabilities. Derived from the cassava plant, tapioca is made by "washing" the starch out of the cassava and dried. Thailand has a mature tapioca market and produces tapioca for both pet food and human food products.

Pork meal

Pork meal consists of pork meat and some accompanying bone, and “ash” denotes the amount of bone that's ground into the meal. A low ash content signifies a higher grade meal. The pork is ground into a powder (meal) after the fat and water are removed, and the end result is a very concentrated, highly digestible protein, rich with amino acids, essential fatty acids and minerals (ash) that provide calcium and phosphorous. Pork meal offers an alternative animal protein source for dogs who may have food allergies. Dr. Tim's pork meal is sourced from the United States.

Chickpeas (garbanzo beans)

Chickpeas, also known as garbanzo beans, have recently become an incredibly popular ingredient in pet food because of the amazing nutritional properties they offer. Chickpeas are a nutrient-dense food that provide rich sources of protein, dietary fiber, folate (a B vitamin), and minerals, like iron and phosphorus. They also bring in carbohydrates which can be used as energy. Our chickpeas come from the Great Plains of the United States and southern parts of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan.

Pork Blood Meal

Pork blood meal is used to supplement all the other protein sources in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods. Pork blood meal is also a source of iron and other essential minerals. The pork blood meal used in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods is sourced from the United States.

Chicken liver meal/Hydrolyzed chicken liver

Chicken liver meal, sometimes called hydrolyzed chicken liver, is a great ingredient to enhance the flavor of Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods. Hydrolyzing is the process of using enzymes to break down the chicken livers into amino acids. Then, this product is spray dried on to the kibble for easier handling. Additionally, by "hydrolyzing" chicken liver, essential amino acids are made more available to the dog or cat. This ingredient is sourced from the United States and uses fresh livers from chickens raised in the United States as well.

Pork Protein Concentrate

Pork protein concentrate is just that; a concentrated version of pork protein. Our pork protein is sourced from the United States, Sweden, and Germany.

Cellulose

Cellulose is used to provide fiber to the pet. Cellulose has two main components; soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber, which will dissolve in water, can act as a prebiotic and aid in digestion. Insoluble fiber, which will not dissolve in water, may also act as a prebiotic in the large intestine. Additionally, insoluble fiber will absorb water in the animal's digestive tract, allowing better stool quality for the animal. The cellulose used in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods is sourced from the US.

USA

Vegetable pomace

The pomaces, or the dehydrated solids from processing juice from carrots, celery, beets, parsley, lettuce, watercress and spinach, are all blended together to make a healthy and flavorful vegetable blend. Only fresh vegetables are processed and after drying, a shelf stable product is made where no preservatives are needed to maintain the quality of the ingredient. These vegetables offer a natural source of many vitamins and minerals. All of the vegetables are grown and processed in the United States.

Proteinated/Chelated trace minerals

Copper, managnese, and zinc are important minerals for dogs and cats. In many cases, these minerals are chelated or proteinated, which means bound to an amino acid; these chelated minerals then have the armor to hold up to the onslaught of acids and enzymes in the stomach and journey on into the small intestine, where they are absorbed. By being readily available in the small intestine, dogs and cats can better use these important minerals for improved nutrition and health in their body. All of the chelated minerals used in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods are manufactured in the United States.

Lysine

Lysine is an essential amino acid. Many animals can't produce Lysine themselves; therefore, their diet must include lysine supplementation. Without adequate amino acids, dogs and cats won't be able to develop muscle tissues needed to maintain an active life. Lysine comes from vegetables, and our lysine is sourced from the United States, as are the vegetables used to produce the lysine.

DL- Methionine

DL-Methionine is an amino acid supplement. While the essential amino acid DL-methionine is found in animal-derived protein sources, diets are still supplemented with DL-methionine to assist in several bodily functions, like skin and coat health, eye health and heart health. It takes a very sophisticated process to manufacture DL-Methionine, and ours comes from Japan.

Choline Chloride

Choline Chloride is an organic compound similar to salt, or sodium chloride. Choline chloride is an important ingredient as it promotes animal growth. Choline chloride is a water-soluble vitamin and some animals cannot produce it naturally, which is why this ingredient is included in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods. Choline chloride will aid in building and maintaining cell structure, also. Dr. Tim's choline chloride is from the United States.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C primarily functions as an antioxidant and free-radical scavenger; it is also involved in collagen synthesis and immune function. The vitamin C used in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods is manufactured to ensure it can withstand the thermal processes used to manufacture the food, while still being readily bioavailable to the animal. Our Vitamin C comes from France.

Vitamin E

The primary purpose of Vitamin E is to act as an antioxidant in the body and in the food. Vitamin E assists in binding free radicals that cause oxidation. What is oxidation? Simply put, combining something with oxygen, like when a cut apple turns brown. There are eight forms of Vitamin E; these are called tocopherols. When blended, these are called mixed tocopherols. We add mixed natural tocopherols to prevent spoilage, but it also benefits the dog or cat when ingested. Our Vitamin E is from Germany.

Calcium Carbonate

Calcium carbonate is an essential mineral. Calcium carbonate is crucial in building your pet's bone "scaffolding", and is essential for many functions, including bone formation, blood coagulation, muscle contraction, and nerve impulse transmission. Also, calcium is needed by kittens and puppies need to develop correctly. Our calcium is sourced from the United States.

Dicalcium Phosphate

Dicalcium phosphate provides both calcium and phosphorus, which are important for building and maintaining strong teeth and bones. Phosphorus also helps convert carbohydrates to energy, while calcium will strengthen the cardiovascular system and muscle activities. Dr. Tim's dicalcium phosphate is from the United States.

Taurine

Taurine is an essential amino acid for cats. Without it, they can't maintain their normal life processes. While many of the proteins found in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods will provide taurine, the diets for cats need to be fortified with additional taurine, due to the thermal process used to make the pet food. Without essential amino acids, like taurine, an animal's nervous system, tissue development, and digestion may suffer. Our taurine comes from Japan

Brewer's Yeast

Brewer's yeast fortifies the probiotics already included in Dr. Tim's Premium Pet Foods by contributing additional naturally occurring microorganisms. Brewer's yeast aids in digestion and helps with the production of short-chain fatty acids. But promoting an active digestive system isn't the only benefit of brewer's yeast; this ingredient also brings in some essential B- complex vitamins, like thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, biotin, and folic acid to name a few. B-complex vitamins are vital to cellular functions so an animal can metabolize fatty acids, digest protein more efficiently, and help in blood and bone marrow health. Dr. Tim's brewer's yeast is sourced from Mexico.

Probiotic

Dr. Tim's has included probiotics all along, and here's why: probiotics promote gastrointestinal health. Probiotics aid in digestion, inhibit the growth and activity of harmful bacteria and introduce good bacteria; some types of probiotics hang out primarily in the small intestine, while others take up residence in the large intestine. Everybody's on the probiotic bandwagon these days; think yogurt. So now you're wondering what is a prebiotic? First, prebiotics are plant fiber, not live bacteria, and second, prebiotics nurture the probiotics, and allow the probiotics to bloom and grow. They are friendly inhabitants meant to overwhelm and outnumber the dastardly bad bacteria in the colon. Our probiotics are sourced from the United States.

Menhaden Fish Oil

Menhaden oil is rich in essential Omega 3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA. THere's growing evidence that the benefits include skin and coat health, immune support, nervous system development, aging, heart failure and renal insufficiency, to name a few. Our menhaden oil is derived by cold pressing and is sourced from the United States in the Gulf of Mexico.

Algae Powder

Algae powder is rich in the Omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA. Specific benefits include improved cognitive abilities and learning in puppies and senior dogs. The process for deriving our algae powder is highly sustainable, as well. Dr. Tim's algae powder is from the United States.

Alaskan pollock

Wild caught Alaskan pollock supplies balanced amino acids (proteins), Omega 3 fatty acids and vitamins and minerals. Our pollock is sourced from a sustainably managed fishery in artic waters, and processed immediately on the vessel, after harvest, to preserve the important nutrients and maintain freshness. The pollock are hormone and antibiotic free, and sourced from Alaska.

Dr. Tim's knowledge center

Know your terms. Food Chemistry 101

PROTEIN

There are four primary sources of protein in our foods: chicken, fish, pork and egg, as well as a secondary source, whole oat groats. Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods supply a quality mix of diverse proteins from air, sea and land sources.

What is protein? First, a little chemistry - think of protein as a compound and not a "food", like cheese or meat, at this point. Proteins are made when amino acids join together, like building blocks. All amino acids are naturally occurring, but some must be supplied by diet; amino acids supplied by diet are called essential amino acids. Whew. There are many different proteins in dogs' and cats' bodies and each have their own job, such as generating hair, cartilage and tendons, transporting oxygen in the blood, moving muscles, regulating metabolism (energy use), storing nutrients, and even producing hormones, to name a few. As you can see, proteins have a big job and in order for the correct proteins to be built, you have to supply the correct amino acids.

In comes chicken. It's a protein source that naturally provides each of the amino acid building blocks that are essential in this nutritional construction project. Low ash chicken meal is highly digestible and a proud addition to our food.

Why include fish? Fish offers an amino acid profile that balances out the other proteins. It is a great source of high quality protein and fatty acids.

Pork, pork meal, porcine plasma, pork protein concentrate, and pork blood meal? Yes. Lots of pork. Pork is another protein source that helps balance out the overall amino acid bulding block profile in some of the diets we have.

I know what eggs are, but why include them? Eggs are the most balanced source of protein available, hands down. They are the benchmark against which all other protein sources are measured; they are the best source of high quality protein.

Whole oat groats are protein? Whole oat groats are a source of vegetable protein, which rounds out the protein profile in Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods.

FATS

The fats used in Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods are derived from low ash chicken meal, salmon meal and oil, menhaden meal and oil, herring meal, dried whole eggs, chicken liver and flaxseed meal.

Why so much fat in our formulas? More chemistry: calories are energy, and energy comes from three sources: fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Working, active dogs use a lot of energy. Fat has a whopping nine calories per gram compared to protein and carbohydrates' tidy four calories per gram. Simply put, fat has more energy bang for its buck. In a very elementary way, energy derived from fats leads to increased oxidation in muscle, which leads to a decrease in carbon dioxide in the muscle. Carbon dioxide makes a muscle feel fatigued; oxidation will aid in stamina. It's better for the endurance athlete to burn fat because it's a concentrated energy source, and because our foods are very calorie-dense/high fat foods, your dog doesn't need to eat as much to ingest the proper amount of calories. This decreases the chance of diarrhea from volume overload and decreases your need to buy a lot of dog food; the food is economical, and there's less to clean up in the dog yard!

What are Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids? Remember essential amino acids? Some fats are 'essentials', too (recall that essential means it must be supplied by the diet); Omega 6 fatty acid, or Linoleic acid, is the essential fatty acid for canines. Proper ratios of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids provide tremendous benefits such as reduced inflammatory injuries and your pet's skin, coat and kidneys rely on them as well. Dr. Tim's uses low ash chicken meal, salmon meal and oil, menhaden meal and oil, herring meal, dried whole eggs, chicken liver and flaxseed meal (the ground seed of the flax plant) to deliver all the balanced fatty acids.

Good tasting fat equals palatability, too, and that's why we've included a variety of fat sources. Fats also aid in the transportation of certain vitamins; vitamins A, D, E and K hitch a ride on fat.

Why do we list eggs under fats, too? Eggs are an excellent source of essential fatty acids.

CARBOHYDRATES

Dr. Tim's uses whole oat groats and rice as our primary carbohydrate sources in our grain-inclusive diets. In our grain-free diets, our primary carbohydrate sources are potatoes, tapioca, garbonzo beans and peas.

Why include carbohydrates in the diet if fat is the important energy source? Although fats are a very concentrated energy source, carbohydrates are an important energy source, too. Rice is a highly digestible, easily available energy source and whole oat groats are used because of their impact on regulating blood glucose. Blood glucose is the primary energy source for many bodily functions, and there are less blood glucose fluctuations after a meal containing whole oat groats than with other carbohydrate sources. Steady blood glucose levels are what we want, hence the whole oat groats and rice.

FIBER

Sources of fiber in Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods include dried beet pulp, dried chicory root, psyllium, flaxseed meal, whole oat groats, rice bran and rice.

What is fiber? Why is fiber good? There are several ways to classify fiber. One way to distinguish fibers are by their soluble and insoluble properties. Soluble fiber dissolves, whereas insoluble fiber does not. Because soluble fiber takes longer to make its way through the intestine, it permits water absorption and aids in controlling diarrhea. Insoluble fiber absorbs water also and makes for an easier to pass stool if constipation is an issue. Fiber can also be classified as either non-fermentable or fermentable. As it's broken down in the intestine, fermentable fiber energizes the cells that line the intestine; non-fermentable fiber holds its shape and as a result helps move wastes along. By the way - fermented fiber turns to carbon dioxide, volatile fatty acids and combustible gases. That's why we ride with the windows rolled down if there are dogs in the car. Fiber keeps dogs regular and is essential for the prevention and control of diarrhea during stressful situations.

What is beet pulp? Beet pulp is a moderately fermentable fiber and comes from sugar beets. After the sugar has been extracted from the sugar beet, the remaining material is beet pulp. Beet pulp is an excellent source of fiber. It is also a prebiotic.

What is psyllium? How do psyllium husks work? Psyllium is a plant, and its seeds are so tiny they are sometimes called "flea seeds". Surrounding these tiny seeds are the psyllium husks. When the psyllium husk comes in contact with liquid in the intestinal tract, it swells up, absorbing waste material and water. As these psyllium sponges work their way south, they're picking up toxins, too. The end result (no pun intended) is an easily passed stool. Psyllium, as it breaks down, feeds the good bacteria in your dog's colon, too! Hooray! It is also a prebiotic.

Flaxseed meal? We include flaxseed meal primarily for the fatty acid contribution, but it's also a source of fiber.

Whole oat groats and rice are fiber, too? They wear many hats. Whole oat groats and rice are also carbohydrates, and whole oat groats contribute protein, too.

What is Chicory Root Extract (Inulin)? Chicory root extract is a fiber, but it also has prebiotic qualities that drive out bacterial pathogens, like E coli. It also aids in the reduction of gas, which is important to large-breed dogs.

PREBIOTICS AND PROBIOTICS

What are they? How do they work? Prebiotics and probiotics are included in our food to maintain and/or restore a healthy digestive system in your pet.

Prebiotics, although carbohydrates, are not the starchy or sugary type of carbohydrates we typically think of; prebiotic carbohydrates occur naturally in many plants. Although these carbs dodge digestion, the by-product (chemistry: short-chain fatty acids) from their partial fermentation provides vigor for cells lining the colon and favorable bacteria, and aside from aiding probiotic activity, they also help prevent the increase of undesirable bacteria and help do away with unwelcome pathogens. Prebiotics are essential in situations where stress diarrhea is an issue. Dr. Tim's uses all natural chicory root, psyllium and beet pulp as proven prebiotics.

Bacteria, good and bad, live in the digestive tract, and a variety of circumstances can upset that balance of bacteria, such as antibiotic use, illness or stress. If, when this happens, you are able to re-introduce good bacteria to the digestive tract, your dog is quickly on the way to feeling better, but where can we find good bacteria? Shake hands with probiotics; probiotics are live cultures akin to what you'd find in yogurt. Good bacteria. And to ensure the probiotics are well fed and excited, enter prebiotics; the job of the prebiotic is to nourish and stimulate the hustle and bustle of good bacteria in the colon.

Probiotics are cultures of live microorganisms (microbials) that flourish in the intestine and restore colonic health that may have been compromised due to antibiotic use or stress diarrhea. Dried microbial fermentation products (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Enterococcus faicium and Bifidobacterium thermophilum) are the food's probiotic source.

Probiotics and prebiotics are a wonderful daily addition to your pet's diet as a protective measure.

WHAT ARE THOSE OTHER INGREDIENTS IN THE FOOD? I can't even pronounce some of them; why would I feed them to my pets? You mean the vitamins, minerals, chelated minerals, kelp, carnitine, antioxidants, and preservatives?

Brace yourself for a little more chemistry and a nice surprise about our preservatives. Please keep in mind that although chemical names sound ominous, there's a reason: prefixes, suffixes, numerals and letters attached to a word or string of words all indicate at a glance how much, in what order and how a substance is "made". And we're all familiar with some scary sounding chemicals, too, like chlorine - a green, poisonous gas. But did you know that chlorine, when combined with a particular soft metal, would be something you'd eat every day? Sure! Its table salt; NaCl. Sodium chloride. Go figure.

VITAMINS, MINERALS AND PRESERVATIVES

Bodies need vitamins and minerals to facilitate chemical reactions and absorb fats and carbohydrates.

VITAMINS

Vitamins are either water-soluble or fat-soluble; fat-soluble vitamins are stored in fatty tissue and excess water-soluble vitamins are excreted. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E and K. Your dog's tissue, eye, cell, blood and bone health and immune system will benefit from these vitamins, and even help ward off rickets! Water-soluble vitamins are riboflavin, B12, B6 (pyridoxine) and B1 (thiamine).

The vitamins used in Dr. Tim's pet foods are supplied by the DSM Company as a pre-mixed ingredient called "OVN"; OVN (Optimal Vitamin Nutrition) is designed to support and maintain optimal skin, coat and paw pad health via high quality vitamins that are safe, bioavailable and stable through food manufacturing and storage. OVN is a trademark of DSM Nutritional Products.

Here's a rundown of OVN's benefits:

Energy supply:
-Vitamin B1 is vital for releasing energy from starchy foods
-Vitamin B2, B6 and niacin help release energy from proteins and fat
-Vitamin B12 and folic acid are involved in the formation of red blood cells and therefore key to high performance

Build and repair:
-Vitamin C supports the metabolism in building and maintaining body structures like bones, tissues and blood cells
-Vitamin D, K and Biotin strengthen bone and skin structures

Defense and protection:
-Vitamin A, C and E are powerful antioxidants protecting organs and tissue from damage by free radicals
-Vitamin C is essential for a strong immune system

Regulation of activity:
-B-group vitamins and choline are of major importance for high metabolic activity (like running a marathon) and the synthesis of neurotransmitters
-A balanced vitamin nutrition contributes to weight control, high performance and physiological strength

MINERALS

Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods include iron sulfate, zinc oxide, zinc amino acid chelate, manganous oxide, manganese amino acid chelate, copper amino acid chelate, copper sulfate, cobalt carbonate, ethylenediamine dihydriodide and sodium selenite. By the way: zinc deficiency is a known problem in northern breed dogs; we use two sources of zinc (zinc oxide and zinc amino acid chelate) to combat this.

CHELATED MINERALS

Chelated means "of, relating to, or having a ring structure that usually contains a metal ion held by coordinating bonds". Huh? Minerals are not readily absorbed, if at all, in their natural state, so...remember amino acids back in the protein section? When amino acids get together with minerals, they help reorganize the structure of the mineral and cloak it in an amino acid covering so it can be absorbed by the body. So now you know what chelated means, sort of, in case anybody asks you.

KELP MEAL

Kelp, a sea vegetable, keeps your dog's coat healthy and is loaded with amino acids, vitamins and minerals. We include kelp as a natural source of vitamin K.

YUCCA SCHIDIGERA

This is a flavor enhancer and may exhibit some anti-inflammatory effects within a dog. Plus, your dogs' feces will smell better.

CARNITINE

Found only in animal-based sources of protein, carnitine (a vitamin, of sorts) exploits fat to make energy rather than glycogen, which is an energy back-up stored in muscles. Ninety-five percent of carnitine in dogs is squirreled away in muscles - most notably, cardiac muscles; serious exercise may decrease the carnitine supply normally stockpiled. When this happens, glycogen is called to action, and glycogen use leads to lactic acid build-up and that leads to muscle fatigue and cramping. That's why we've included carnitine.

ANTIOXIDANTS

The chemical changes necessary in cells to provide energy also produce oxygen by-products, or free radicals. Free radicals are the natural by-products of cell change; smoke, radiation and other environmental factors can trigger cell change and the resulting free radicals, too. What does this have to do with antioxidants? Well, free radicals have an unpaired electron, and if there's one thing an unpaired electron wants it's another electron. Sometimes (worst case scenario) when free radicals find electron love the result can be rapid cell division; free radicals can also harass healthy cells, leading to damaged or dying cells. Not good. Antioxidants round up or stabilize free radicals before they become home-wreckers. A better immune system, less allergies and decreased risk of infection have all been attributed to antioxidant use. Vitamins A, C (ascorbic acid), B 12 and E are used as antioxidants in our food.

PRESERVATIVES

Preservatives are required to prevent rancidity. Dr. Tim's Premium All Natural Pet Foods are extremely high-fat diets requiring a combination of preservatives to maintain freshness. The preservative system in our foods is a special blend and application of mixed natural tocophorals and vitamins. There are no artificial preservatives used in our foods.

WHAT ARE TOCOPHORALS?

Tocophorals are antioxidants extracted from vegetable oils. There are four major types of tocophorals, and one common type is alpha tocophoral, generally referred to as vitamin E. A unique mixture of tocophorals protects against rancidity in the food.

Feeding Recommendations

Momentum, Pursuit, Kinesis, Kinesis Grain Free, RPM, Metabolite, Fusion and Glacier work best when water is available at all times.

Always feed to maintain ideal body condition and adjust individual amounts as needed considering activity level, environment and age. Use your keen "dog eye" and look at each dog separately; some may need a bit more, some may need a bit less. Always have plenty of fresh water available for your pet; hydration is as important as food. Feeding isn't an exact science, so let common sense prevail.

It's best to feed Momentum, Pursuit, Kinesis, Kinesis Grain Free, RPM, Metabolite, Fusion and Glacier twice daily, so give half this amount per feeding.

Starting your dog on Dr. Tim's:

Day 01

Begin with 25% Dr. Tim's and 75% of your previous kibble.

Day 02

Increase Dr. Tim's to 50% and reduce to 50% of your previous kibble.

Day 03

Increase Dr. Tim's to 75% and reduce to 25% of your previous kibble.

Day 04

Switch to 100% Dr. Tim's Premium Athletic Dog Food!

TRANSITIONING TO DR. TIM'S DIETS

Start slowly. Don't suddenly switch from your previous kibble to Dr. Tim's; use the method suggested in the feeding recommendations. Dr. Tim's formulas are very energy dense; consequently, when you've made the switch to 100% Dr. Tim's kibble you will be feeding up to 25% less kibble than you were with your old kibble.

Your dogs will definitely digest the food better if given in smaller quantities in several feedings. Less food equals better digestion with these higher fat foods!

Dr. Tim's Pet Food Company

We are interested in how you feed your dogs, the goals you've set for your dogs and the goals you've set for yourself. Our doors, ears and minds are always open to your suggestions about our product - we want to stay on the cutting edge of dog nutrition.

Contact us!